While archaeologists are recovering ancient abandoned towns, more and more urban areas are emerging, in which people have not lived at all and never will. And today we will tell you about 5 modern ghost cities around the world.
15 years ago the residents of a small Spanish village Cirue?a were very happy hearing the news about the developer’s plans to build on the outskirts of their village a town for 10 thousand people with appropriate infrastructure – supermarkets, swimming pools and even a golf club.
Development of the New Cirue?a was performed very quickly and till the middle of 2000s there appeared a functional town with more than a hundred of private and apartment houses in the middle of the field. But nobody relocated here because of the World economic crisis of 2008, which struck Spain severely.
Nowadays in a town, which was built for 10 thousand people, just over a hundred of people is living. Nevertheless, everything necessary works there – all municipal services and a swimming pool. Golf fans from the whole community of La Rioja come here to play golf.
It is interesting that the famous route of St. James lies through this village. Thousands of people crosses this ghost town every day, giving it the impression of a living town.
Vozdvizhenka Kyiv, Ukraine
Just a couple of hundred of meters away from the vibrant tourist Andriyivskyy Spusk (Andrew’s Descent) in Kyiv a less popular district Vozdvizhenka exists. Just few guests and residents of the Ukrainian capital come here, the place where you can shoot a film about humanity disappearance.
But everything started very optimistically – a developer wanted to build an elite residence district in the heart of Kyiv, where only the wealthiest Ukrainians would live, those who influence politics and economy of the country. But his plans didn’t fulfill not because of the world economic crisis and high prices, but because of disgusting quality of building works. Buildings began crumbling and falling into pieces right after they were placed into operation, and chronic problems with water pipes, drainage and electricity destroyed the hopes for a bright future of Vozdvizhenka.
Anyway deserted Vozdvizhenka is now a perfect place for shooting video clips, movies and TV series as well as wedding and advertising photo sessions – rare passers-by don’t interfere with work.
It is not known what encouraged a Chinese investment company to build a 500 thousand town of Kilamba 30 kilometers away from Luanda. Besides the fact that Angola is one of the richest countries of so called “Black Continent” and its economy is based on oil extraction, there is no middle class in this country and that means that there are a lot of potential buyers of modern property.
It was planned at the beginning that the most part of the apartments in Kilamba would be mortgaged. But that was a good plan only on paper – it turned out that it was impossible to obtain financing from a bank. That is why only a thousand people live in a town intended for 500.000. In a huge Kilamba there is only one school and a school bus gives its pupils a lift every day – there is no populated buildings near it.
We are used to fake Chinese clothes and electronics, but Chinese counterfeit business doesn’t end here. Recently it has become popular to build replicas of European cities. As an example take a look at 100 thousand Tianducheng – Eastern Paris.
This town was called not because of Bohemain atmosphere, but because it is an accurate replica of French capital. They thoroughly copied French architecture as well as some of famous sights such as Notre-Dame de Paris and 108 meter Eiffel Tower.
Chinese government, which supported the Tianducheng project, expected that this town would be settled by countrymen, who would be eager to relocate into urban area. But nowadays only two thousand people out of expected 100 thousand live here. Moreover former countrymen could not rebuild their way of living and began farming on the wonderful “French” streets of Chinese Paris.
One of the biggest modern ghost town is located in China as well. We are talking about megalopolis Kangbashi (or New Ordos called in the name of the neighbor city) in autonomous region of Inner Mongolia. Twenty years ago in its neighborhood coal deposits were found. Investors, encouraged by this news, decided to build a whole town for a million people. Construction started in 2001.
Today Kangbashi is almost built in an expected scale. There are thousands of apartment houses for thousands of residents as well as the relevant infrastructure including educational institutions, airport, theaters, parks, street sculptures and even a museum with extraordinary architecture by MAD Architects. But only 20 thousand of residents live here instead of a planned million.
Kangbashi became the victim of a financial bubble – huge funds and private investors bought almost all property in potentially popular and successful new city, but could not sell it for higher prices. As a result, there are no spare apartments and houses in this big urban area, but its streets are deserted – ghost city is occupied for just 2 per cent.